The Tec family kinase Btk plays an important role in the regulation of phospholipase C gamma 2 (PLC gamma 2) downstream of the collagen receptor glycoprotein VI (GPVI) in human platelets. Platelets also express a second member of this family, Tec; however, its function has not been analyzed. To address the role of Tec, we analyzed Btk-/-, Tec-/-, and Btk/Tec double-deficient (Btk-/-/Tec-/-) platelets. Tec-/- platelets exhibit a minor reduction in aggregation to threshold concentrations of collagen or the GPVI-specific agonist collagen-related peptide (CRP), whereas responses to higher concentrations are normal. Tyrosine phosphorylation of PLC gamma 2 by collagen and CRP is not altered in Tec-/- platelets. However, Btk-/-/Tec-/- platelets exhibit a greater reduction in PLC gamma 2 phosphorylation than is seen in the absence of Btk, thus revealing an important role for Tec in this situation. Furthermore, Btk-/-/Tec-/- platelets fail to undergo an increase in Ca2+, aggregation, secretion, and spreading in response to collagen or CRP, whereas they aggregate normally to adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and spread on fibrinogen. A residual GPVI signal exists in the Btk-/-/Tec-/- platelets as CRP synergizes with ADP to mediate aggregation. These results demonstrate an essential requirement for Tec and Btk in platelet activation by GPVI and reveal a functional role for Tec in the regulation of PLC gamma 2 in the absence of Btk.
Atkinson, B. T., Ellmeier, W., & Watson, S. P. (2003). Tec regulates platelet activation by GPVI in the absence of Btk. Blood, 102(10), 3592–3599. https://doi.org/10.1182/blood-2003-04-1142