Background. To examine the effects of temperament and character domains on depression during pregnancy. Methods. We examined 601 pregnant women using a questionnaire that included the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), and demographic variables. Results. In a hierarchical regression analysis, severity of depression during pregnancy was predicted by the women's negative response towards the current pregnancy, low self-directedness, and high harm avoidance, persistence, and self-transcendence. Conclusion. Depression during pregnancy is predicted by personality traits as well as women's negative attitudes towards the current pregnancy. © 2013 Mariko Minatani et al.
Minatani, M., Kita, S., Ohashi, Y., Kitamura, T., Haruna, M., Sakanashi, K., & Tanaka, T. (2013). Temperament, character, and depressive symptoms during pregnancy: A study of a Japanese population. Depression Research and Treatment, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/140169