Objective Obstetrician–gynecologists are the main providers of women's healthcare. However, workforce shortages and excessive workloads among these providers have been encountered in many countries. While most past studies on this subject have investigated the spatial distribution of obstetrics–gynecology clinics, few have focused on their temporal availability, especially on the national level. Materials and methods The weekly opening time schedules (divided into morning, afternoon, and evening sessions) of all obstetrics–gynecology clinics in Taiwan were extracted from the web site of Taiwan's National Health Insurance Administration in July 2015. The numbers of open sessions were then analyzed and stratified by urbanization level and practice type. Results Among 742 obstetrics–gynecology clinics in Taiwan, 521 were located in urban areas, 194 in suburban areas, and 27 in rural areas. The numbers of open sessions per week in suburban areas were higher than those in urban and rural areas (16.7 ± 2.6 vs. 15.9 ± 3.1 and 15.9 ± 2.7). Group practices had more open sessions per week than solo practices (16.8 ± 2.8 vs. 15.8 ± 3.0). With respect to after-hours services in rural areas, only two rural obstetrics–gynecology clinics remained open on Sunday mornings, while none remained open on Sunday afternoons and evenings. Conclusion Obstetrics–gynecology clinics in Taiwan offered great temporal availability. In addition to the remarkable urban–rural disparity in the distribution of obstetrics–gynecology clinics, the availability of services on Sundays in rural areas demands special attention.
Chang, W. T., Leu, H. I., Chen, H. P., Lin, M. H., Chen, T. J., Hwang, S. J., … Wang, P. H. (2017). Temporal availability of obstetrics and gynecology clinics in Taiwan: A nationwide survey. Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 56(5), 636–641. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tjog.2017.08.011