Thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb) methods - Strengths, pitfalls and clinical utility for monitoring TgAb-positive patients with differentiated thyroid cancer

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Abstract

Thyroglobulin autoantibodies (TgAb) are detected at diagnosis or during treatment in approximately 25% of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). When present, TgAb interferes with thyroglobulin (Tg) measurement causing falsely low or undetectable Tg immunometric assay (IMA) values that can mask disease. Guidelines mandate that every Tg test have TgAb measured simultaneously and quantitatively by immunoassay and not a recovery test. The propensity and magnitude of TgAb-Tg interference relates to both Tg and TgAb concentrations and the class of Tg method used. Because the TgAb trend reflects changes in thyroid tissue mass, TgAb concentrations serve as a surrogate post-operative DTC tumor marker. A rising, or de novo appearance of TgAb may indicate recurrence, whereas a progressive decline suggests successful treatment. This review focuses on the technical limitations of current TgAb methods, characteristics of TgAb interference with different classes of Tg method, and the clinical value of monitoring TgAb trends as a surrogate DTC tumor marker. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Spencer, C., & Fatemi, S. (2013, October). Thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb) methods - Strengths, pitfalls and clinical utility for monitoring TgAb-positive patients with differentiated thyroid cancer. Best Practice and Research: Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beem.2013.07.003

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