In recent experiments at the GSI, Darmstadt, time-modulated orbital Electron Capture (EC) decays of H-like 140Pr58+, 142Pm60+, and 122I52+ ions with one electron in the K-shell, coasting in the ESR storage ring with velocity β = 0.71, were observed. The EC-branches show exponential decay curves time-modulated with period T = 7.06 (8) s and amplitude a = 0.18 (3) for 140Pr decays, T = 7.10 (22) s and a = 0.23 (4) for 142Pm decays, and T = 6.04 (6) s and a = 0.19 (3) for 122I (preliminary) decays in the laboratory frame. The simultaneously measured β+ branch of 142Pm shows no modulation with a < 0.03. We discuss here as origin of the modulation quantum beats produced by the superposition of massive neutrino, mass eigenstates emitted in the entangled two body weak decay. From the modulation frequency a value for the difference of the quadratic mass values m22 - m12 = 2.22 (3) × 1 0- 4 eV2 is deduced, which is 2.9 times larger than the value derived by the KamLAND antineutrino oscillation experiment. The origin of the small modulation amplitudes is discussed as the result of a partial restoration of the interference terms which are expected to cancel for the usual assumed unitarity of the neutrino flavor mixing matrix. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Kienle, P. (2010, April). Time-modulation of entangled two-body weak decays with massive neutrinos. Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ppnp.2009.12.070