Topology optimization of a plate coupled with acoustic cavity

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Abstract

Optimization of the topology of a plate coupled with an acoustic cavity is presented in an attempt to minimize the fluid-structure interactions at different structural frequencies. A mathematical model is developed to simulate such fluid-structure interactions based on the theory of finite elements. The model is integrated with a topology optimization approach which utilizes the moving asymptotes method. The obtained results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach in simultaneously attenuating the structural vibration and the sound pressure inside the acoustic domain at several structural frequencies by proper redistribution of the plate material. Experimental verification is carried out by manufacturing topology optimized plates and monitoring their vibration and sound radiation into a rigid acoustic cavity. The measured sound pressure and plate vibration are found to be in good agreement with the predictions of the mathematical model. The presented theoretical and experimental techniques present valuable tools in the design of a wide variety of critical structures which must operate quietly when subjected to fluid loading. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Akl, W., El-Sabbagh, A., Al-Mitani, K., & Baz, A. (2009). Topology optimization of a plate coupled with acoustic cavity. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 46(10), 2060–2074. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2008.05.034

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