This paper describes an analysis of microscopic models for the coupling between ion flow and rotation of bacterial flagella. In model I it is assumed that intersecting half-channels exist on the rotor and the stator and that the driving ion is constrained to move together with the intersection site. Model II is based on the assumption that ion flow drives a cycle of conformational transitions in a channel-like stator subunit that are coupled to the motion of the rotor. Analysis of both mechanisms yields closed expressions relating the torque M generated by the flagellar motor to the rotation rate v. Model I (and also, under certain assumptions, model II) accounts for the experimentally observed linear relationship between M and v. The theoretical equations lead to predictions on the relationship between rotation rate and driving force which can be tested experimentally. © 1988, The Biophysical Society. All rights reserved.
Läuger, P. (1988). Torque and rotation rate of the bacterial flagellar motor. Biophysical Journal, 53(1), 53–65. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3495(88)83065-0