Towards the analytic characterization of micro and nano surface features using the Biharmonic equation

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The prevalence of micromoulded components has steadily increased over recent years. The production of such components is extremely sensitive to a number of variables that may potentially lead to significant changes in the surface geometry, often regarded as a crucial determinant of the product's functionality and quality. So far, traditional large-scale quality assessment techniques have been used in micromoulding. However, these techniques are not entirely suitable for small scales. Techniques such as atomic force microscopy (AFM) or white light interferometry (WLI) have been used for obtaining full three-dimensional profiles of micromoulded components, producing large data sets that are very difficult to manage. This work presents a method of characterizing surface features of micro and nano scale based on the use of the Biharmonic equation as means of describing surface profiles whilst guaranteeing tangential (C 1) continuity. Thus, the problem of representing surface features of micromoulded components from massive point clouds is transformed into a boundary-value problem, reducing the amount of data required to describe any given surface feature. The boundary conditions needed for finding a particular solution to the Biharmonic equation are extracted from the data set and the coefficients associated with a suitable analytic solution are used to describe key design parameters or geometric properties of a surface feature. Moreover, the expressions found for describing key design parameters in terms of the analytic solution to the Biharmonic equation may lead to a more suitable quality assessment technique for micromoulding than the criteria currently used. In summary this technique provides a means for compressing point clouds representing surface features whilst providing an analytic description of such features. The work is applicable to many other instances where surface topography is in need of efficient representation. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.




González Castro, G., Spares, R., Ugail, H., Whiteside, B. R., & Sweeney, J. (2012). Towards the analytic characterization of micro and nano surface features using the Biharmonic equation. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 36(3), 1161–1172.

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