Toxicity of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles on green alga Chlorella vulgaris

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Abstract

Toxicity of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) was investigated on Chlorella vulgaris cells exposed during 72 hours to Fe 3 O 4 (SPION-1), Co 0.2 Zn 0.8 Fe 2 O 4 (SPION-2), or Co 0.5 Zn 0.5 Fe 2 O 4 (SPION-3) to a range of concentrations from 12.5 to 400 μ g mL −1 . Under these treatments, toxicity impact was indicated by the deterioration of photochemical activities of photosynthesis, the induction of oxidative stress, and the inhibition of cell division rate. In comparison to SPION-2 and -3, exposure to SPION-1 caused the highest toxic effects on cellular division due to a stronger production of reactive oxygen species and deterioration of photochemical activity of Photosystem II. This study showed the potential source of toxicity for three SPION suspensions, having different chemical compositions, estimated by the change of different biomarkers. In this toxicological investigation, algal model C. vulgaris demonstrated to be a valuable bioindicator of SPION toxicity.

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Barhoumi, L., & Dewez, D. (2013). Toxicity of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles on green alga Chlorella vulgaris. BioMed Research International, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/647974

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