Activated Protein C (APC) is a serine-protease that displays antithrombotic and anti-inflammatory properties. In addition, cleavage of protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR1) by APC exerts endothelial cytoprotective actions. The effects of APC on endothelial cells may be reproduced by TR47, a PAR1-based peptide that mimics the novel N-terminus of PAR1 generated upon cleavage at Arg-46 by APC. In this study we demonstrate that wild-type APC and its signaling-proficient mutant, APC-2Cys (which has dramatically reduced anticoagulant activity), display similar inhibitory effects towards the transendothelial migration of A375 human melanoma cells. Consistent with this observation, APC and APC-2Cys significantly reduced the in vivo metastatic potential of the B16F10 murine melanoma cells. TR47 recapitulated the in vitro and in vivo protective profiles of APC and APC-2Cys. Treatment of EA.hy926 endothelial cells with TR47 (20 μM) significantly decreased the A375 cell migration. In addition, treatment of C57/BL6 mice with a single TR47 dose (125 μg/animal) strongly reduced the metastatic burden of B16F10 cells. Together, our results suggest that protection of the endothelial barrier by APC/TR47-mediated signaling pathways might be a valuable therapeutic approach to prevent metastasis.
de Oliveira, A. S., de Almeida, V. H., Gomes, F. G., Rezaie, A. R., & Monteiro, R. Q. (2018). TR47, a PAR1-based peptide, inhibits melanoma cell migration in vitro and metastasis in vivo. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 495(1), 1300–1304. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2017.11.174