NF-ATc1 is a member of a family of genes that encodes the cytoplasmic component of the nuclear factor of activated T cells (NF-AT). In activated T cells, nuclear NF-AT binds to the promoter regions of multiple cytokine genes and induces their transcription. The role of NF-ATc1 was investigated in recombination activating gene-1 (RAG-1)-deficient blastocyst complementation assays using homozygous NF-ATc1(-/-) mutant ES cell lines. NF-ATc1(-/-)/RAG- 1(-/-) chimeric mice showed reduced numbers of thymocytes and impaired proliferation of peripheral lymphocytes, but normal production of IL-2. Induction in vitro of Th2 responses, as demonstrated by a decrease in IL-4 and IL-6 production, was impaired in mutant T cells. These data indicate that NF-ATc1 plays roles in the development of T lymphocytes and in the differentiation of the Th2 response.
Yoshida, H., Nishina, H., Takimoto, H., Marengère, L. E. M., Wakeham, A. C., Bouchard, D., … Mak, T. W. (1998). The transcription factor NF-ATc1 regulates lymphocyte proliferation and Th2 cytokine production. Immunity, 8(1), 115–124. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1074-7613(00)80464-1