Background. High-producer TGFβ1 genotypes are associated with severe lung disease in cystic fibrosis (CF), but studies combining IL-8, TNFα-, and TGFβ1(+genotype) levels and their impact on CF lung disease are scarce. Aim. Assessing the relationship between TGFβ1, IL-8, and TNF-α and lung disease in CF in an exacerbation-free interval. Methods. Twenty four patients delta F508 homozygous (median age 20.5 y, Shwachman score 75, FEV1(%) 83) and 8 controls (median age 27.5 y) were examined. TGFβ1 was assessed in serum and induced sputum (IS) by ELISA, for IL-8 and TNF-α by chemiluminescence in IS and whole blood. Genotyping was performed for TGFβ1 C-509T and T+869C utilizing RFLP. Results. TGFβ1 in IS (CF/controls median 76.5/59.1 pg/mL, P < 0.074) was higher in CF. There was a negative correlation between TGFβ1 in serum and lung function (LF) (FEV1 (r = - 0.488, P = 0.025), MEF 25 (r = - 0.425, P = 0.055), and VC (r = - 0.572, P = 0.007)). Genotypes had no impact on TGFβ1 in IS, serum, and LF. In IS TGFβ1 correlated with IL-8 (r = 0.593, P < 0.007) and TNF-α (r = 0.536, P < 0.018) in patients colonized by bacteria with flagellin. Conclusion. TGFβ1 in serum not in IS correlates with LF. In patients colonized by bacteria with flagellin, TGFβ1 correlates with IL-8 and TNF-α in IS. © 2013 O. Eickmeier et al.
Eickmeier, O., Boom, L. V. D., Schreiner, F., Lentze, M. J., Ngampolo, D., Schubert, R., … Schmitt-Grohé, S. (2013). Transforming growth factor β 1 genotypes in relation to TGF β 1, interleukin-8, and tumor necrosis factor alpha in induced sputum and blood in cystic fibrosis. Mediators of Inflammation, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/913135