The bacterium Agrobacterium tumefaciens mediates quorum sensing via TraR, a N-3-oxo-octanoyl-l-homoserine lactone (OOHL) signaling transcription factor. TraR consists of an N-terminal Per-Arnt-Sim domain (PAS-domain) containing OOHL and a C-terminal helix-turn-helix motif (HTF-motif) binding DNA, thus comprising a complete signaling pathway. Using Molecular Dynamics, we investigate the influence of OOHL on the dynamics of the protein. The OOHL binding pocket is in contact with water, leading to dynamic changes in OOHL-protein interactions. These rearrangements increase fluctuations in the PAS-domain, and, interestingly, also enhance fluctuations in the HTF-motif. Our results imply OOHL in inducing fluctuations in TraR that may facilitate DNA binding. © 2008 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.
Vreede, J., Hellingwerf, K. J., & Crielaard, W. (2008). TraR auto-inducer enhances protein backbone fluctuations in DNA binding domain. FEBS Letters, 582(5), 805–809. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.febslet.2008.01.062