Treating the mind to improve the heart: the summon to cardiac psychology

  • Ginsberg J
  • Pietrabissa G
  • Manzoni G
  • et al.
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Abstract

This opinion article discusses the the relationship between mental and cardiac functioning. It is noted that the relationship between the heart and mind has been studied over the centuries in many fields, such as medicine and psychology. Many typical unmodifiable risk factors for coronary heart disease are age, gender, and family history, whereas diabetes, weight, life stress, type A behavior, social isolation, depression, sedentary lifestyle, cholesterol/HDL ratio, hypertension, and cigarette smoking are the typical modifiable and clinically treatable risk factors. Mental stress is now also recognized as a risk factor in cardiac dysregulation. Due to an epigenetic psychobiologic susceptibility-the nexus of psychophysiologic reactivity and biopsychosocial vulnerability. Natural calamities, such as earthquakes, and human-made extreme disasters, such as war and terrorism, can precipitate cardiovascular events. The psychosocial factors and interventions in the field of Cardiac Psychology and PTSD is a growing need and challenge in our clinical and scientific community. In cardiovascular rehabilitation protocols it is important to evaluate different clinical psychology-based program types, such as psychological interventions, psycho-educational programs, psychotherapies, educational training, stress management, biofeedback, counseling sessions and relaxation techniques. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved)

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APA

Ginsberg, J. P., Pietrabissa, G., Manzoni, G. M., & Castelnuovo, G. (2015). Treating the mind to improve the heart: the summon to cardiac psychology. Frontiers in Psychology, 6. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01101

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