1Cr18Ni9Ti stainless steel was modified by plasma nitriding. The phase composition of the plasma nitrided layer was examined by means of X-ray diffraction. The friction and wear properties of the modified and unmodified 1Cr18Ni9Ti stainless steel specimens sliding against SAE52100 steel under the lubrication of ionic liquid of 1-ethyl-3-hexylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate (L-P308) and poly α-olefin (PAO) were investigated on an Optimol SRV oscillating friction and wear tester, with the interactions among the modified surface layer and the ionic liquids and PAO to be focused on. The morphologies of the worn surfaces were observed using a scanning electron microscope. The chemical states of several typical elements on the worn surfaces of the modified steel surfaces were examined by means of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Results showed that the modified sample had better anti-wear abilities than the unmodified one, but the modified sample had a slightly higher friction coefficient than the untreated one. This was partly attributed to the change in the hardness and phase composition of the stainless steel surfaces after plasma nitriding and tribochemical reactions between the steel and the lubricant. The resultant surface protective films composed of various tribochemical products together with the adsorbed boundary lubricating film contributed to reduce the friction and wear. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Xia, Y., Wang, S., Zhou, F., Wang, H., Lin, Y., & Xu, T. (2006). Tribological properties of plasma nitrided stainless steel against SAE52100 steel under ionic liquid lubrication condition. Tribology International, 39(7), 635–640. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.triboint.2005.04.030