Trichomonas vaginalis is a parasitic protozoan which infects the urogenital tract and requires iron as an essential nutrient. Iron is known to upregulate various adhesins required for cytoadherance and other factors involved in pathogenesis. At mucosal surfaces, iron is chelated by lactoferrin resulting in low levels of free iron. However, pathogens have evolved mechanisms for an increased uptake of iron. The present review highlights the role of iron in survival of Trichomonas during fluctuating concentrations of iron at mucosal surfaces during the menstrual cycle. Future prospects in terms of new drug and vaccine targets related to iron and its receptors have also been described. © 2012 Rakesh Sehgal et al.
Sehgal, R., Goyal, K., & Sehgal, A. (2012). Trichomoniasis and lactoferrin: Future prospects. Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/536037