We show that the surface of an $s$-wave superconductor decorated with a two-dimensional lattice of magnetic impurities can exhibit chiral topological superconductivity. If impurities order ferromagnetically and the superconducting surface supports a sufficiently strong Rashba-type spin-orbit coupling, Shiba sub-gap states at impurity locations can hybridize into Bogoliubov bands with non-vanishing, sometimes large, Chern number $C$. This topological superconductor supports $C$ chiral Majorana edge modes. We construct phase diagrams for model two-dimensional superconductors, accessing the dilute and dense magnetic impurity limits analytically and the intermediate regime numerically. To address potential experimental systems, we identify stable configurations of ferromagnetic iron atoms on the Pb (111) surface and conclude that ferromagnetic adatoms on Pb surfaces can provide a versatile platform for two-dimensional topological superconductivity.
Li, J., Neupert, T., Wang, Z., Macdonald, A. H., Yazdani, A., & Andrei Bernevig, B. (2016). Two-dimensional chiral topological superconductivity in Shiba lattices. Nature Communications, 7. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms12297