Typed Generic Traversal With Term Rewriting Strategies

  • Laemmel R
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A typed model of strategic term rewriting is developed. The key innovation is that generic traversal is covered. To this end, we define a typed rewriting calculus S'gamma. The calculus employs a many-sorted type system extended by designated generic strategy types gamma. We consider two generic strategy types, namely the types of type-preserving and type-unifying strategies. S'gamma offers traversal combinators to construct traversals or schemes thereof from many-sorted and generic strategies. The traversal combinators model different forms of one-step traversal, that is, they process the immediate subterms of a given term without anticipating any scheme of recursion into terms. To inhabit generic types, we need to add a fundamental combinator to lift a many-sorted strategy s to a generic type gamma. This step is called strategy extension. The semantics of the corresponding combinator states that s is only applied if the type of the term at hand fits, otherwise the extended strategy fails. This approach dictates that the semantics of strategy application must be type-dependent to a certain extent. Typed strategic term rewriting with coverage of generic term traversal is a simple but expressive model of generic programming. It has applications in program transformation and program analysis.

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Laemmel, R. (2002). Typed Generic Traversal With Term Rewriting Strategies. Journal of Logic and Algebraic Programming, 54(1–2), 85. Retrieved from http://arxiv.org/abs/cs/0205018

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