We have recently shown that the hormonal form of vitamin D3, 1,25(OH)2-vitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3), stimulates the enzymatic activity of the non-receptor protein tyrosine kinase c-Src in skeletal muscle cells. In this study we show that intracellular and extracellular Ca2+ chelation with BAPTA and EGTA, respectively, blocked hormone stimulation of c-Src activity/dephosphorylation, indicating that the calcium messenger system is an upstream activator of c-Src. Tyrosine phosphorylation and stimulation of the growth-related mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) by 1,25(OH)2D3 was shown to be dependent on activation of c-Src, since pretreatment with the c-Src specific inhibitor PP1 or muscle cell transfection with an antisense oligodeoxynucleotide directed against c-Src mRNA markedly reduced hormone stimulation of MAPK phosphorylation. Evidence was obtained indicating that MAPK is then translocated to the cell nucleus in active phosphorylated form and induces the expression of c-myc oncoprotein, as the MAPK kinase (MEK) inhibitor PD98059 abolished stimulation of c-myc synthesis by 1,25(OH)2D3. In addition, the hormone rapidly stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation of c-myc. In cells pretreated with PP1 (4-amino-5-(4-methylphenyl)-7-(t-butyl)pyrazolo-D3,4-pyrimidine), the 1,25(OH)2D3-induced increase in tyrosine phosphorylation of c-myc was suppressed. Taken together, these results demonstrate that 1,25(OH)2D3 stimulates proliferation-associated signalling pathways in skeletal muscle cells and implicate c-Src kinase as mediator of this response. © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Buitrago, C., Boland, R., & De Boland, A. R. (2001). The tyrosine kinase c-Src is required for 1,25(OH)2-vitamin D3 signalling to the nucleus in muscle cells. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research, 1541(3), 179–187. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-4889(01)00142-2