Septins are a family of GTP-binding proteins that associate with cellular membranes and the cytoskeleton. Their ability to polymerize into filamentous structures permits them to serve as diffusion barriers for membrane proteins and as multi-molecular scaffolds that recruit components of signaling pathways. At the cellular level, septins contribute to the regulation of numerous processes, including cytokinesis, cell polarity, cell migration and many others. In this minireview we discuss emerging evidence for roles of mammalian septins in the biogenesis and function of flagella and cilia, and how this may impact human diseases such as ciliopathies.
Palander, O., El-Zeiry, M., & Trimble, W. S. (2017). Uncovering the Roles of Septins in Cilia. Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology, 5. https://doi.org/10.3389/fcell.2017.00036