Abstract Schwann cells are primarily discussed in the context of their ability to form myelin. However there are many subtypes of these neural crest derived cells including satellite cells of the dorsal root ganglia and autonomic ganglia, the perisynaptic Schwann cells of the neuromuscular junction and the non-myelin forming Schwann cells which ensheathe the unmyelinated fibres of the peripheral nervous system which are about 80% of peripheral nerves. This review discusses the many functions of these Schwann cell subsets including their seminal role in axonal ensheathment, perineuronal organisation, maintenance of normal neural function, synapse formation, response to damage and repair and an increasingly recognised active role in pain syndromes. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Armati, P. J., & Mathey, E. K. (2013). An update on Schwann cell biology - Immunomodulation, neural regulation and other surprises. Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 333(1–2), 68–72. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jns.2013.01.018