BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of published data regarding upper gastrointestinal diseases in Ugandans with upper gastrointestinal symptoms referred for endoscopy.<br /><br />OBJECTIVES: To study the presenting complaints, pathology and Helicobacter pylori prevalence among patients with upper gastrointestinal symptoms in South-Western Uganda.<br /><br />METHODS: Patients presenting with upper gastrointestinal symptoms underwent upper endoscopy and a urease test for Helicobacter Pylori, all suspicious lesions were biopsied for histopathology review as appropriate.<br /><br />RESULTS: The most common presenting complaints were epigastric pain (51.6%), dysphagia (13.6%) and odynophagia (7.1%). The most common endoscopy finding was gastritis (40.2%), followed by normal examination (15.2%), oesophageal cancer (13.6%), gastric ulcer (7.6%) and gastric cancer (7.1%). Patients older than 40 years (n=110) had significant findings including gastritis (50.9%), oesophageal cancer (22.7%) and gastric cancer (11.8%). However in younger patients, with the age range of 18-40 years (n=74), most examinations were normal (92.9%). Of the 176 patients able to undergo Helicobacter pylori testing 75.6% were positive. Helicobacter pylori infection was associated with statistically significant increase in gastritis, oesophageal cancer, gastric ulcer, gastric cancer, and duodenal ulcers (p-values< 0.05).<br /><br />CONCLUSION: Gastritis, ulcerative disease, and upper gastrointestinal malignancies are common in South-Western Ugandans and are associated with a high prevalence of Helicobacter pylori.
Obayo, S., Muzoora, C., Ocama, P., Cooney, M. M., Wilson, T., & Probert, C. S. (2015). Upper gastrointestinal diseases in patients for endoscopy in south-western Uganda. African Health Sciences, 15(3), 959–966. https://doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v15i3.33