© 2017 IEEE. The paper explores the potential of Multi-Output Gaussian Processes to tackle network-wide travel time prediction in an urban area. Forecasting in this context is challenging due to the complexity of the traffic network, noisy data and unexpected events. We build on recent methods to develop an online model that can be trained in seconds by relying on prior network dependences through a coregionalized covariance. The accuracy of the proposed model outperforms historical means and other simpler methods on a network of 47 streets in Stockholm, by using probe data from GPS-equipped taxis. Results show how traffic speeds are dependent on the historical correlations, and how prediction accuracy can be improved by relying on prior information while using a very limited amount of current-day observations, which allows for the development of models with low estimation times and high responsiveness.
Rodriguez-Deniz, H., Jenelius, E., & Villani, M. (2018). Urban network travel time prediction via online multi-output Gaussian process regression. In IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Proceedings, ITSC (Vol. 2018-March, pp. 1–6). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. https://doi.org/10.1109/ITSC.2017.8317796