The objective of this work is to enhance the adsorbing performance of the natural Egyptian phyllosilicate mineral, glauconite (greensand), through surface modification to obtain a particular combination of physical and chemical properties. It was found that Zn removal increased from 84% to 94%, while Pb removal varied from 96.67% to 99% by using 10–25 g/l modified glauconite in a solution having 50 mg/l Zn2+ and 30 mg/l pb2+ ions. Adsorption data were investigated using Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and Dubinin–Radushkevich isotherms. Linear regression methods are used to determine adsorption capacities and optimum adsorption isotherms. R2 value of Langmuir isotherm model for pb2+ is higher than other models. The maximum monolayer coverage (Qo) from Langmuir isotherm model was calculated to be 15.363 and 21.654 mg/g and the separation factor indicating a favorable sorption experiment is 0.0324 and 0.13207 for Zn2+ and Pb2+ respectively. Also from Freundlich isotherm model, the intensities of adsorption (n) that indicated favorable sorption are 1.3036 and 1.364 for Zn2+ and Pb2+ respectively. The heat of sorption process was calculated from Temkin isotherm model to be 6.44101 and 4.1353 J/mol for Zn2+ and Pb2+ respectively, that indicated to the physisorption process which B < 20 kJ/mol so, Temkin isotherm is not fitted with experimental adsorption but the mean free energy was calculated from DRK isotherm which are 24.693 and 47.093 kJ/mol, where ED < 8 proved that the adsorption experiment followed a chemisorption process. So the relative adsorption capacity for metals was in the order Pb < Zn.
Selim, K. A., El-Tawil, R. S., & Rostom, M. (2018). Utilization of surface modified phyllosilicate mineral for heavy metals removal from aqueous solutions. Egyptian Journal of Petroleum, 27(3), 393–401. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpe.2017.07.003