Variations in cosmic ray cutoff rigidities during the great geomagnetic storm of November 2004

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Abstract

A very strong interplanetary and magnetospheric disturbance observed on 7-13 November 2004 can be regarded as one of the strongest events during the entire period of space observations. In this paper we report on the studies of cosmic ray cutoff rigidity variations during 7-13 November 2004 showing how storm conditions can affect the direct cosmic ray access to the inner magnetosphere. Effective cutoff rigidities have been calculated for selected points on the ground by tracing trajectories of cosmic ray particles through the magnetospheric magnetic field of the "storm-oriented" Tsyganenko 2003 model. Cutoff rigidity variations have also been determined by the spectrographic global survey method on the basis of experimental data of the neutron monitor network. Relations between the calculated and experimental cutoff rigidities and the geomagnetic Dst-index and interplanetary parameters have been investigated. Correlation coefficients between the cutoff rigidities obtained by the trajectory tracing method and the spectrographic global survey method have been found to be in the limits 0.76-0.89 for all stations except the low-latitude station Tokyo (0.35). The most pronounced correlation has been revealed between the cutoff rigidities that exhibited a very large variation of ∼1-1.5 GV during the magnetic storm and the Dst index. © 2012 COSPAR. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Tyasto, M. I., Danilova, O. A., Ptitsyna, N. G., & Sdobnov, V. E. (2013). Variations in cosmic ray cutoff rigidities during the great geomagnetic storm of November 2004. Advances in Space Research, 51(7), 1230–1237. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2012.10.025

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