Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Peritoneal Catheter Knot Formation

  • Ul-Haq A
  • Al-Otaibi F
  • Alshanafey S
  • et al.
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The ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt is a common procedure in pediatric neurosurgery that carries a risk of complications at cranial and abdominal sites. We report on the case of a child with shunt infection and malfunction. The peritoneal catheter was tethered within the abdominal cavity, precluding its removal. Subsequently, laparoscopic exploration identified a knot at the distal end of the peritoneal catheter around the omentum. A new VP shunt was inserted after the infection was healed. This type of complication occurs rarely, so there are a limited number of case reports in the literature. This report is complemented by a literature review.




Ul-Haq, A., Al-Otaibi, F., Alshanafey, S., Sabbagh, M. D., & Al Shail, E. (2013). Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Peritoneal Catheter Knot Formation. Case Reports in Neurological Medicine, 2013, 1–4.

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