© 2016 the authors. The role of GABAergic signaling in establishing a critical period for experience in visual cortex is well understood. However, the effects of early experience on GABAergic synapses themselves are less clear. Here, we show that monocular deprivation (MD) during the adolescent critical period produces marked enhancement of GABAergic signaling in layer 2/3 of mouse monocular visual cortex. This enhancement coincides with a weakening of glutamatergic inputs, resulting in a significant reduction in the ratio of excitation to inhibition. The potentiation of GABAergic transmission arises from both an increased number of inhibitory synapses and an enhancement of presynaptic GABA release from parvalbuminand somatostatin-expressing interneurons. Our results suggest that augmented GABAergic inhibition contributes to the experience-dependent regulation of visual function.
Kannan, M., Gross, G. G., Arnold, D. B., & Higley, M. J. (2016). Visual Deprivation During the Critical Period Enhances Layer 2/3 GABAergic Inhibition in Mouse V1. The Journal of Neuroscience, 36(22), 5914–5919. https://doi.org/10.1523/jneurosci.0051-16.2016