Wound dressing model of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells-alginates complex promotes skin wound healing by paracrine signaling

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Abstract

Purpose . To probe growth characteristics of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) cultured with alginate gel scaffolds, and to explore feasibility of wound dressing model of hUCMSCs-alginates compound. Methods . hUCMSCs were isolated, cultured, and identified in vitro. Then cells were cultivated in 100 mM calcium alginate gel, and the capacity of proliferation and migration and the expression of vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGF) were investigated regularly. Wound dressing model of hUCMSCs-alginate gel mix was transplanted into Balb/c mice skin defects. Wound healing rate and immunohistochemistry were examined. Results . hUCMSCs grew well but with little migration ability in the alginate gel. Compared with control group, a significantly larger cell number and more VEGF expression were shown in the gel group after culturing for 3–6 days ( P < 0.05). In addition, a faster skin wound healing rate with more neovascularization was observed in the hUCMSCs-alginate gel group than in control groups at 15th day after surgery ( P < 0.05). Conclusion . hUCMSCs can proliferate well and express massive VEGF in calcium alginate gel porous scaffolds. Wound dressing model of hUCMSCs-alginate gel mix can promote wound healing through paracrine signaling.

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Wang, S., Yang, H., Tang, Z., Long, G., & Huang, W. (2016). Wound dressing model of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells-alginates complex promotes skin wound healing by paracrine signaling. Stem Cells International, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/3269267

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