Atmospheric Sciences

In this subdiscipline: 31 papers

Discipline summary

Atmospheric science is the study of the physical and chemical properties of the atmospheres of Earth and other planets. It includes meteorology (the study of atmospheric physics, atmospheric dynamics and atmospheric chemistry with a focus on weather forecasting), climatology (the study of atmospheric changes with time), and aeronomy (the study of the upper layers of the atmosphere). Like other Earth science fields, atmospheric science is highly multidisciplinary, drawing on expertise in topics ranging from fluid mechanics to chemical kinetics. Atmospheric science research relies on wide networks of routinely collected atmospheric data, focused field studies, laboratory experimentation, satellite observations and advanced computer modelling.

Popular papers

  1. Abstract The NCEP and NCAR are cooperating in a project (denoted “reanalysis”) to produce a 40-year record of global analyses of atmospheric fields in support of the needs of the research and climate monitoring communities. This effort involves the…
  2. ERA-Interim is the latest global atmospheric reanalysis produced by the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF). The ERA-Interim project was conducted in part to prepare for a new atmospheric reanalysis to replace ERA-40, which…
  3. ERA-40 is a re-analysis of meteorological observations from September 1957 to August 2002 produced by the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) in collaboration with many institutions. The observing system changed considerably…
  4. Aerosols serve as cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) and thus have a substantial effect on cloud properties and the initiation of precipitation. Large concentrations of human-made aerosols have been reported to both decrease and increase rainfall as a…
  5. Abstract The NCEP Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (CFSR) was completed for the 31-yr period from 1979 to 2009, in January 2010. The CFSR was designed and executed as a global, high-resolution coupled atmosphere–ocean–land surface–sea ice system…
  6. Advances in the science and observation of climate change are providing a clearer understanding of the inherent variability of Earth's climate system and its likely response to human and natural influences. The implications of climate change for the…

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