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Materials Science

In this discipline: 7,598 papers · 31,072 groups

Discipline summary

Medicine is the study and practice of healing. Medicine aims to understand living systems for the purposes of enhancing health, preventing illness and prolonging life. Medicine has traditionally been divided into internal medicine and surgery, not including fields such as psychiatry, gynecology, and obstetrics. Internal medicine practices non-surgical interventions such as vaccines and antibiotics for prevention, whereas surgery involves physical remodeling of the body to repair or remove injured tissue. Medicine often uses a one-size-fits-all approach, but new developments in biotechnology such as genomic screening and stem cell therapeutics are making more customized and more regenerative therapies possible.

Popular papers

  1. Graphene is a rapidly rising star on the horizon of materials science and\ncondensed matter physics. This strictly two-dimensional material exhibits\nexceptionally high crystal and electronic quality and, despite its short\nhistory, has already…
  2. The outstanding electrical1, mechanical and chemical properties of graphene make it attractive for applications in flexible electronics. However, efforts to make transparent conducting films from graphene have been hampered by the lack of effi-…
  3. This article reviews the basic theoretical properties of graphene, a\ntwo-dimensional allotrope of carbon, with unusual electronic properties. The\nelementary excitations are linearly dispersing Dirac fermions with vanishing\nelectronic density of…
  4. E xcitonic solar cells 1 —including organic, hybrid organic– inorganic and dye-sensitized cells (DSCs)—are promising devices for inexpensive, large-scale solar energy conversion. Th e DSC is currently the most effi cient 2 and stable 3 excitonic…
  5. Problems associated with large-scale pattern growth of graphene constitute one of the main obstacles to using this material in device applications. Recently, macroscopic-scale graphene films were prepared by two-dimensional assembly of graphene…
  6. The invention of Nylon-6/clay nanocomposites by the Toyota Research Group of Japan heralded a new chapter in the field of polymer composites. This article highlights the work done in the field of rubber/clay nanocomposites. The preparations of…

Popular groups

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