10Be profiles in the East China Sea and the Okinawa Trough

  • Yang Y
  • Kusakabe M
  • Southon J
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Abstract

Dissolved beryllium-10 concentration profiles in sea water of the East China Sea and the Okinawa Trough in 1993 autumn and 994 summer have been investigated. The results show that10Be concentrations in this area are mainly controlled by surface biological productivity, particle remineralization, and the degree of mixing with the Yangtze River and the Kuroshio waters. During the sampling periods (summer and autumn), the East China Sea was well stratified. Generally, the10Be water depth profiles can be divided into three layers: the surface mixed layer, the particulate10Be regeneration layer, and the bottom layer. Surface water10Be concentrations increase gradually towards the Kuroshio and increase sharply at the edge of the Kuroshio Current. Vertical distributions of10Be show that in the summer10Be is enriched in the bottom water near the Yangtze River estuary and the bottom water in the middle of the continental shelf. The two enriched areas are separated, probably by an intrusion of the Continental Coastal Water. In the autumn,10Be bottom enrichment only occurred in the western part of the East China Sea. This phenomenon is consistent with the seasonal circulation pattern change of currents induced by monsoon winds. The influence on10Be by the Kuroshio branch intrusion in the southern East China Sea northeast of Taiwan may be more significant than the Kuroshio main flow. Simple box model results indicate that10Be input from the Kuroshio Current is more important than Yangtze River input nd atmospheric precipitation. About 81% of10Be input o the East China Sea is scavenged into the sediments and 19% of10Be flows out of the East China Sea by currents and ater exchange. The10Be sedimentation flux in the ast China Sea is nearly five times of the average global10Be production rate, suggesting that the East China ea is an important sink for10Be. © 2002 lsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

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