Guinea-pig isolated left atria, paced at 2 Hz were incubated with 86rubidium (86Rb) for 120 min. They were then washed every 2 min for 2 hr, each sample being retained for scintillation counting. Left atrial isometric tension was recorded simultaneously. A concentration-response curve for the muscarinic agonist carbachol or the P1-receptor agonists adenosine and L-N6-phenyl-isopropyladenosine (L-PIA) was obtained. Antagonists were present from 20 min before agonist exposure. The rate constant (k) for 86Rb efflux was calculated for each 2 min sample and the mean increase for each concentration of agonist determined. In the absence of drugs there was no significant alteration in the rate constant during the 2 hr experimental period. Adenosine, L-PIA and carbachol produced concentration-related increases in rate constant for 86Rb efflux. The adenosine and L-PIA concentration-response curves were virtually superimposed upon the curves for the negative inotropic responses. The 86Rb efflux induced by adenosine was antagonized in an apparently parallel manner by 8-phenyltheophylline (8-PT) indicating involvement of P1-receptors. Alone, the putative potassium channel blockers, 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) and bromobenzoylmethyladamantylamine (BMA) caused, respectively, no change and a reduction in resting 86Rb efflux immediately prior to the agonist exposure. 4-AP reduced the L-PIA- and adenosine-induced increases in 86Rb efflux and, to a lesser extent, the negative inotropic response to adenosine. BMA caused "flattening" of the dose-response curves for 86Rb efflux induced by L-PIA, adenosine and carbachol with a significant reduction in response at the highest concentrations of adenosine and carbachol. The negative inotropic response to adenosine was also reduced. These results suggest that 4-AP and BMA block the P1-receptor-linked potassium channels and that BMA interacts with common K+ channels linked to P1- and muscarinic receptors. The negative inotropic responses of the guinea-pig left atrium to P1- and muscarinic agonists can be attributed, at least in part, to the opening of outward K+ channels.
Urquhart, R. A., Rothaul, A. L., & Broadley, K. J. (1991). 86Rubidium efflux and negative inotropy induced by P1- and muscarinic-receptor agonists in guinea-pig left atria. Effects of potassium channel blockers. Biochem Pharmacol, 42(3), 655–662. https://doi.org/0006-2952(91)90329-4 [pii]