Activation of tyrosine hydroxylase by polyanions and salts An electrostatic effect

  • Katz I
  • Yamauchi T
  • Kaufman S
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Abstract

The activity of a partially purified preparation of tyrosine hydroxylase (EC 1.14.16.2) from the bovine caudate nucleus was increased by heparin, chondroitin sulfate, phosphatidylserine, polyacrylic acid, polyvinyl sulfuric acid, and both poly-D-, and poly-L-glutamic acids, all polyanions. A variety of salts both activated the enzyme and prevented the activation by the polyanions. The observations that activity is increased when the enzyme interacts with salts and with macromolecules of high negatives charge density are used to infer a model for these interactions and for the structural change in the enzyme that accompanies activation. © 1976.

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Authors

  • Ira R. Katz

  • Takashi Yamauchi

  • Seymour Kaufman

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