Acute diarrhoea associated with rotavirus among children living in Belém, Brazil

  • Linhares A
  • Monçao H
  • Gabbay Y
 et al. 
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Abstract

Between January 1979 and December 1980, rotaviruses were detected in faecal samples from 122 (33·1%) of 369 diarrhoeic children less than six years old, living in Belém, Brazil. In 55 (45·1%) of the 122 rotavirus-positive specimens, no bacteria or parasite associated with gastro-enteritis was found. Salmonella typhimurium, Shigella and Escherichia coli were found in 92 (35%) of the 263 faecal specimens examined for bacterial pathogens. Rotaviruses were readily detected throughout the year, which may indicate no seasonal pattern of incidence in the Belém region. A comparison of the excretion of rotavirus was made between children of two socio-economic groups. Of 144 children from the higher level group, 63 (47·3%) excreted rotavirus, whereas only 12 (16·7%) of those from the lower level did so. Vomiting (68·0%) and fever (65·6%) were the main symptoms, other than diarrhoea, exhibited by the 122 rotavirus-positive children. © 1983.

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Authors

  • Alexandre C. Linhares

  • Héber C. Monçao

  • Yvone B. Gabbay

  • Vera Lúcia C. de Araújo

  • Augusto Cézar Serruya

  • Edvaldo C.B. Loureiro

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