In adult male Schistocerca 20 min of tethered flight causes a halving of the haemolymph carbohydrate concentration. Injection of a proteinaceous emulsion of diglyceride 30 min before flight reduces both flight speed and carbohydrate utilisation. This effect can be overcome by the injection of trehalose immediately before the flight. If, in addition to the diglyceride, a dilute extract of the glandular lobes of the corpora cardiaca is injected immediately before flight, either with or without additional trehalose, carbohydrate utilisation is drastically reduced whereas flight speed is unaffected. It is argued that diglyceride competes with trehalose as a substrate for the flight muscles and that adipokinetic hormone from the glandular lobes of the corpora cardiaca stimulates the oxidation of diglyceride in these muscles during flight. This brings about a more complete (non-competitive) inhibition of trehalose utilisation by the flight muscles. © 1976.
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