Anchoring of copper(II) complexes onto the organically modified MCM-41: Preparation, characterization and catalytic epoxidation

  • Jana S
  • Bhunia S
  • Dutta B
 et al. 
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Abstract

[Cu(diamine)(NO3)2] complexes have been anchored by substituting easily replaceable nitrate ligand with the amine groups of the organic-modified MCM-41. The amine group containing organic moiety (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane has been first anchored on the surface of MCM-41 via silicon alkoxide route. Then the [Cu(diamine)(NO3)2] [where diamine = N,N′-dimethyl-1,2-ethanediamine (NN′dmen) N,N-dimethyl-1,2-ethanediamine (NNdmen), and N,N-diethyl-1,2-ethanediamine (NNdeten)] complex was allowed to react with the modified MCM-41 for tethering the complexes onto mesoporous silica matrix. Copper complexes containing different substituted diamine ligands viz. N,N′-dimethyl-1,2- ethanediamine, N,N-dimethyl-1,2-ethanediamine, and N,N-diethyl-1,2-ethanediamine have also been prepared to compare the catalytic efficiency. The prepared catalysts have been characterized by infrared (FT-IR) and UV-vis spectroscopic, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), small-angle X-ray diffraction and N2sorption study. The catalytic efficacy in the epoxidation reaction depends on the bulkiness of the substituted group in diamine. Notably, styrene shows an impressive conversion (94%) with tert-butylhydroperoxide (tert-BuOOH) over the Cu(NNdmen)-MCM-41 catalyst. Whereas, conversion in styrene to styrene-oxide reaction were only 78% and 48% with Cu(NNdeten)-MCM-41 and Cu(NN′dmen)-MCM-41 catalysts, respectively. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Catalytic epoxidation
  • Copper(II) diamine complex
  • MCM-41
  • Olefins
  • Tert-butylhydroperoxide

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