Opioids have been thought to induce analgesia by activating the descending pain control system, especially at the level of periaqueductal gray, and regulate the neurotransmitter release through the inhibition of calcium channel. In the present study, the modulatory effects of protein kinase C and protein kinase A on the μ-opioid agonist-induced inhibition of the high-voltage activated calcium current were examined in the acutely dissociated rat periaqueductal gray neurons with the nystatin-perforated patch-clamp technique. Among 505 neurons tested, the barium current passing through the high-voltage activated calcium channels of 172 neurons (34%) were inhibited by 32±3% with the application of an μ-opioid agonist, [D-Ala2,N-MePhe4,Gly5-ol]-enkephalin (DAMGO, 1 μM). The barium currents itself and the DAMGO-induced inhibitory effects were not affected by the application of either an adenylate cyclase activator (forskolin, 1 μM) or a protein kinase inhibitor (staurosporin, 10 nM) for 2 min. The DAMGO inhibition was completely and irreversibly antagonized by the application of a protein kinase C activator, phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA, 1 μM) for 2 min without any alteration of the barium current itself. However, the antagonizing effect of PMA was completely abolished by the application of 10 nM staurosporin for 2 min. After then, PMA did not show the antagonizing effect any more. Inversely, when staurosporin was applied before PMA, the antagonizing effect of PMA was also not shown. These results demonstrate that the μ-opioid agonist-induced inhibition of the periaqueductal gray neuronal high-voltage activated calcium current can be antagonized by protein kinase C activation. This finding may provide us a significant clue to understand the action mechanism of opioid-induced analgesia in the periaqueductal gray. © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research
Choose a citation style from the tabs below