In development of a bluetongue alternative immunodiagnostic rest, the polyclonal anti-idiotypic antibodies were generated by the sequential immunization of rabbits with three monoclonal antibodies to VP7 of bluetongue virus. The anti-idiotypic antibodies recognize the idiotypes that are located within or near the antigen-combining sites and are associated with both heavy and light chains of the antibodies to VP7 of bluetongue virus. The anti- idiotypic antibodies mimic the VP7 antigen by recognizing the anti-VP7 antibodies from cattle and sheep that were infected with various serotypes of bluetongue viruses. The results indicate that the rabbit anti-idiotypic antibodies may be used as surrogate antigen in serological assays to detect the antibodies from different species of animals infected with various serotypes of bluetongue viruses.
Zhou, E. M. (1999). Anti-idiotype technique: An alternative approach for immunodiagnosis of bluetongue. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 72(1–2), 237–242. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0165-2427(99)00137-3