The activation of specific subtypes of serine/threonine protein phosphatases (PPs) plays a role in the antinociceptive effect of acute morphine, but it is not known whether these enzymes are involved in morphine-induced antinociception in morphine-tolerant animals. We evaluated the effects of both okadaic acid (a selective inhibitor of some serine/threonine PPs) and its inactive analogue L-norokadaone on the antinociception induced by morphine in morphine-naive and -tolerant female mice in the tail-flick test. Okadaic acid (0.01 and 1 pg/mouse, i.c.v.), but not L-norokadaone (1 pg/mouse, i.c.v.), antagonized in a dose-dependent way the antinociception induced by morphine (1-16 mg/kg, s.c.) in morphine-naive animals. However, both okadaic acid (0.01 and 1 pg/mouse, i.c.v.) and L-norokadaone (1 pg/mouse, i.c.v.) were unable to modify the antinociceptive effect of morphine in morphine-tolerant mice. These results suggest that in morphine-induced thermal analgesia, the role of serine/threonine PPs highly sensitive to okadaic acid is different in morphine-tolerant and morphine-naive female mice. © 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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