Voacanga africana is used in Cameroonian ethnomedicine for the treatment of peptic ulcers. We have tested the cytoprotective, anti-secretory and ulcer healing actions of an alkaloid (TN) obtained from the fruit extract. Oral administration of TN (50-100 mg/kg) dose-dependently prevented ulcer formation by HCl/ethanol (36-75 %), absolute ethanol (43-75 %), HCl-ethanol/indomethacin (58-84 %), Pylorus ligation (31 - 100 %), cold restraint stress (68-100 %) and histamine (49-100 %). The inhibitory effect at 50 and 100 mg/kg against HCl/ethanol was not suppressed by pre-treatment with indomethacin (20 mg/kg, i.p.). TN reduced Shay-ligated gastric acid secretion from 77 mEq/l in the controls to 46 and 25 mEq/l for the 50 and 100 mg/kg doses. Augmented histamine-induced gastric acid secretion was reduced from 84 mEq/l in the controls to 45 and 21 mEq/l for the two doses of TN, with total inhibition of gastric and duodenal ulcers by the 50 mg/kg dose. Healing rate of chronic acetic acid-induced ulcers was 62 and 83 %, respectively, for the dose of 50 and 100 mg/kg of TN compared with the controls. TN has gastric anti-secretory effects similar to histamine receptor blockers. Its cytoprotective and ulcer healing properties are related to its ability to strengthen gastric mucosal defenses through enhanced gastric mucus production.
Tan, P. V., & Nyasse, B. (2000). Anti-ulcer compound from Voacanga Africana with possible histamine H2receptor blocking activity. Phytomedicine, 7(6), 509–515. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0944-7113(00)80037-9