With the growing understanding that drugs might induce immune-mediated adverse reactions in patients, immunotoxicity testing of new pharmaceuticals has become an important topic in drug development. The nonclinical assessment of unexpected immune suppression is based on relatively well-standardized and validated assays and animal models. For the evaluation of direct immune stimulation few animal models are available, whilst the development of animal models to assess drug-induced hypersensitivity and in particular autoimmunity is in its infancy. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research
Choose a citation style from the tabs below