Mouse brain mitochondria have a nitric oxide synthase (mtNOS) of 147 kDa that reacts with anti-nNOS antibodies and that shows an enzymatic activity of 0.31-0.48 nmol NO/min mg protein. Addition of chlorpromazine to brain submitochondrial membranes inhibited mtNOS activity (IC50= 2.0 ± 0.1 μM). Brain mitochondria isolated from chlorpromazine-treated mice (10 mg/kg, i.p.) show a marked (48%) inhibition of mtNOS activity and a markedly increased state 3 respiration (40 and 29% with malate-glutamate and succinate as substrates, respectively). Respiration of mitochondria isolated from control mice was 16% decreased by arginine and 56% increased by NNA (Nω-nitro-l-arginine) indicating a regulatory activity of mtNOS and NO on mitochondrial respiration. Similarly, mitochondrial H2O2production was 55% decreased by NNA. The effect of NNA on mitochondrial respiration and H2O2production was significantly lower in chlorpromazine-added mitochondria and absent in mitochondria isolated from chlorpromazine-treated mice. Results indicate that chlorpromazine inhibits brain mtNOS activity in vitro and can exert the same action in vivo. © 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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