The effect of endothelin-1 (ET-1) on the basilar arteries from control and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) dogs were examined. The maximal contraction of the basilar artery in response to ET-1 was markedly decreased in the SAH group. Treatment with 10-8M phorbol 12-myri-state 13-acetate (PMA) reduced the contractile responses to ET-1 in the basilar arteries from control dogs. ET-1-induced contractions of the basilar arteries from control dogs were similar to those in strips from SAH dogs by the treatment with 10-8M PMA. Ca2+-induced contraction of the basilar arteries which were depolarized with isotonic K+ (64nM) were significantly attenuated in SAH dogs. Treatment with PMA also reduced the contractile responses to Ca2+ in the basilar arteries from control dogs. These results indicate that decreased contractile responses of the basilar arteries to ET-1 and Ca2+ in the SAH group may be related to changes in the activity of the protein kinase C in vascular smooth muscle. © 1991.
Katsuo Kamata, Hiroshi Nishiyama, Noriyuki Miyata, & Yutaka Kasuya. (1991). Changes in responsiveness of the canine basilar artery to endothelin-1 after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Life Sciences, 49(3), 217–224. https://doi.org/10.1016/0024-3205(91)90006-W