The influence of nucleosome structure on the activity of 2 chromatin-associated DNA endonucleases, pIs 4.6 and 7.6, from normal human and xeroderma pigmentosum, complementation group A (XPA), lymphoblastoid cells was examined on DNA containing either psoralen monoadducts or cross-links. As substrate a reconstituted nucleosomal system was utilized consisting of a plasmid DNA and either core (H2A, H2B, H3, H4), or total (core plus H1) histones from normal or XPA cells. Both non-nucleosomal and nucleosomal DNA were treated with 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP) plus long-wavelength ultraviolet radiation (UVA), which produces monoadducts and DNA interstrand cross-links, and angelicin plus UVA, which produces monoadducts. Both normal endonucleases were over 2-fold more active on both types of psoralen-plus-UVA-damaged core nucleosomal DNA than on damaged non-nucleosomal DNA. Addition of histone H1 to the system reduced but did not abolish this increase. By contrast, neither XPA endonuclease showed any increase on psoralen-treated nucleosomal DNA, with or without histone H1. Mixing the normal with the XPA endonucleases led to complementation of the XPA defect. These results indicate that interaction of these endonucleases with chromatin is of critical importance and that it is at this level that a defect exists in XPA endonucleases. © 1990.
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