Tubes are often required to exhibit better performance in corrosion and wear behavior than the material the tube is made of can offer. The situation can be improved when the tube is coated with a protective film. This can be achieved by sputter coating with an ion beam. A sputter target is located inside the tube. Energetic ions are accelerated into the tube and impinge onto the target. Thus, material is sputtered from the target onto the inner walls of the tube. Two apparatus for coating tubes of different lengths and diameters are described. Aluminum and stainless steel tubes were coated with amorphous carbon films. Results on adhesion, corrosion performance in aqueous media and thickness uniformity are shown. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Ensinger, W., Lensch, O., Kraus, T., Sundermann, C., & Enders, B. (2002). Coating the inner walls of metal tubes with carbon films by physical vapor deposition at low temperature. Surface and Coatings Technology, 150(2–3), 227–231. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0257-8972(01)01513-4