The National Energy Administration has, by direction from the Swedish Government, made a study of the conditions for future small scale cogeneration of electricity and heat in Sweden. Small scale cogeneration is there defined as cogeneration plants not larger than 25 MWe. The analysis in this paper deals with anenergy system where small scale cogeneration is one of several ways to provide electricity and heat in an industrial area in Avesta, Sweden. The cogeneration heat has to compete with the waste heat from industrial processes and low temperature heat from the river and ambient air. There is also the municipal district heating system to take into consideration for the supply of heat to the area. In this competitive situation one is motivated to make an analysis of the system in order to find out how best to use the different possibilities for energy supply. The time period covered by the analysis is 10 years, from 1988 to 1977. © 1988.
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