T cell mediated immune responses are induced following interaction of MHC-presented epitope on professional antigen presenting cells such as dendritic cells (DCs) with cognate T cell receptor. Up-regulation of receptor-ligand pairs of costimulatory molecules linking DC to T cell enhances the resulting T cell responses. This 'second signalling' occurs through the B7 molecules CD80/86 expressed by DCs, and importantly through members of the TNF ligand/TNF receptor superfamilies. We have previously shown that co-expression of RANK/RANKL or 41BB-L in addition to tumour antigen in dendritic cells augmented cognate effector and memory tumour antigen-directed cytotoxic T cell responses when the DCs were used to immunise mice. Here, we examined whether co-immunisation with naked plasmid DNAs encoding antigen and these costimulatory molecule(s), would enhance antigen specific T cell responses. We demonstrate that co-immunisation with DNAs encoding tumour antigen and costimulatory molecules failed to enhance antigen-directed CTL responses, or tumour protection, afforded by immunisation with DNA encoding tumour antigen alone. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Herd, K. A., Wiethe, C., & Tindle, R. W. (2007). Co-immunisation with DNA encoding RANK/RANKL or 4-1BBL costimulatory molecules does not enhance effector or memory CTL responses afforded by immunisation with a tumour antigen-encoding DNA vaccine. Vaccine, 25(28), 5209–5219. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2007.04.083