Male ICR mice were subcutaneously injected with either aqueous Ag (1.5 or 5.0 mg/kg) or Cd (1.5 or 2.5 mg/kg) for 2 consecutive days. Body fluids and livers were collected 24 hr after the second dose. In the hepatic supernatant, Ag and Cd were recovered at 2 and 36-46% of the total dose, respectively. Ag-metallothionein (MT), which is associated with Ag, Cu, and Zn, and Cd-MT, which is associated with Cd, Cu, and Zn, were induced in the liver by the injection of Ag and Cd, respectively. The supernatant Ag and Cd existed in the MT fraction at 34-61 and 97% levels, respectively. Cu concentration in the hepatic supernatant was increased by the Ag and Cd injections. The increased Cu was due to the appearance of Ag-MT and Cd-MT, respectively. Microsomal concentrations of Cu increased in the Cd groups, but decreased in the Ag groups. Serum ceruloplasmin (Cp) activity was remarkably increased by the injection of Cd, but severely decreased by the injection of Ag. These opposing changes in Cp activity induced by Cd and Ag may be due not to the sequestering of Cu in MT, but to the alteration of microsomal Cu concentration and/or the difference in affinity of the induction metals to MT. Hepatic Fe concentration was increased by the Ag injection, but was decreased by the Cd injection. These changes may not be related to induction of MT, but to Cp synthesis in the liver. © 1984.
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