Compressional and shear wave velocities of igneous rocks and volcanic glasses to 900° C and 20 kbar

  • Matsushima S
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Abstract

Simultaneous measurements of compressional and shear wave velocities, Vpand Vs, in acidic and basic igneous rocks and volcanic glasses, were made up to 900°C and at 10-20 kbar. The effects of pressure and temperature on Vpand Vsin glasses and glassy rocks change at about 600°C, presumably the glass transition temperature. These effects are directly related to the silica content in the samples. ∂Vp∂P and ∂Vs∂P for obsidian are negative at room temperature and 245°C, but are positive at 655°C. The velocity-pressure relations for obsidian display an obvious hysteresis phenomena. ∂Vs∂P for basalt glass is slightly negative, but ∂Vp∂P is positive for usual substances at room temperature,. ∂Vp∂T and Vs∂T for obsidian and glassy andesite are positive up to about 600°C but are negative above that temperature. However, for basalt glass as well as other crystalline rocks, ∂Vp∂T and ∂Vs∂T are negative at all temperatures. Glass once heated above the glass transition temperature Tgunder pressure P1retains the memory of pressure P1after it is cooled down below Tgand while subjected to another pressure P2. An abrupt shift of the velocities correlating to pressure P2occurs when the glass is again heated to Tg. Vp-T and Vs-T relations for obsidian, glassy andesite, and basalt glass clearly exhibit this pressure memory. © 1981.

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  • S. Matsushima

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