Despite the variety of communications media available today, the printed word is still very much in use, particularly in “hardcopy” manuscript form, and to a much lesser but growing extent, in “softcopy” display console form. This chapter examines the current role of computers in writing, editing, printing, and publishing. There is very little interaction among the stages of traditional manuscript creation. The operation may be characterized as strictly batch processing. Once an author has finished a manuscript, he/she must wait to see galley proofs before finding out what changes the copy editor has wrought. It is very difficult to make changes once the manuscript goes into copy editing, not to mention once galleys have been produced. This is true because page layout and typesetting, despite increasingly available mechanization, are still expensive and time consuming productions. In other words, the mechanization of typesetting and printing is still sufficiently expensive that it has affected primarily the high-volume publishing houses. There have been many advances in the state-of-the-art of typesetting and printing, particularly in the past decade. © 1970, Academic Press Inc.
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